Czech Have

Czech Have 2. Constitutional framework, state of emergency and various types of crisis measures

We are able to offer our clients prize-winning quality especially in the area of tax law: Rödl & Partner has been recognized as “Czech Law Firm of the Year” for. Poland), which, like the Czech Republic, only recently have [ ]. Übersetzung im Kontext von „have in Czech Republic“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Even though we still have in Czech Republic excellent racing. However, as the challenges facing Europe's regions have changed over time, so too has the policy. Against a background of momentous change in the Union as a​. The number of dairy farms has declined by almost. 60% in the last 20 years. Today there are only about 1, farms with milk production. Czech agricultural, in.

Czech Have

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Czech Have - 1. An overview of (selected) restrictive measures

Ähnliches geschah und geschieht in Tschechien , Rumänien, Bulgarien und Ungarn, wo die Roma systematischer Diskriminierung und Verelendung ausgesetzt sind. Übersetzung für "have in Czech Republic" im Deutsch. Another indication was given by the Constitutional Court in its decision published a couple of days later.

Baby showers are not common, but close friends frequently give a gift when a child has been born. Before World War II, most women were expected to stay at home and take care of the children and the household.

Since the s, many women of childbearing age have held jobs to help maintain a decent economic standard. Women were given generous maternity leaves—usually six months at 90 percent of full pay and at 60 percent of full pay until the child was 3 years old.

Since the s, the rules governing maternity leave have been much less generous. However, if a new mother has help from her mother or mother-in-law, she is likely to return to work as soon as possible.

During the first two years, children are given much attention. Most babies are bottle-fed, but some mothers still breast-feed their babies until the first teeth appear.

When babies no longer awaken for feedings during the night, they are moved to a separate room if space is available.

It is customary to take children outdoors every day in prams or strollers. In cities, two or three mothers from the neighborhood are likely to be found sitting and talking in a nearby park while their babies are getting fresh air and sunshine.

Child Rearing and Education. Although fathers are usually the heads of families, mothers exercise authority over young children.

Czech children are expected to be obedient after being admonished. They are reprimanded whenever they are considered to be out of line and usually are made to feel guilty for unacceptable behavior.

Praise for good behavior is not dispensed often. Children are taught to be orderly, hardworking, practical, and egalitarian and are expected not to resort to physical violence.

If a family can live on the father's income, the mother stays at home during a child's early years. At about age 3, many children are sent to day nurseries, and a year or two later to kindergarten.

Since , some of these preschool services have been discontinued or have become more costly. Higher Education. Education is highly valued, and academic titles receive great respect.

School teachers used to enjoy fairly high status and wield a great deal of authority on school premises; in recent years, their pay has become relatively low and their prestige has suffered.

Most parents pressure their children to do well in school. For a child to have to repeat a grade is embarrassing for the family.

Children begin school at age 6 and must remain in school until age All students attend elementary school for the first five years.

To be accepted at a gymnasium, students must pass written examinations in mathematics and Czech. At the end of the eighth year, they take a final school-leaving examination maturita.

An alternative is to take nine years of basic education with the option of continuing with either the last four years of gymnasium or a four-year specialized training program in schools that prepare students to become nurses, electricians, and so on, or to enter business or management.

Public kindergartens and primary and secondary schools are free. Recently, a few private and parochial schools became available at the primary and secondary levels.

Their quality is good, but not many parents can afford the tuition. University students are not charged tuition but must pay for their textbooks as well as board and lodging.

Social interaction is not much different from that in other central European countries; compared to that in the United States, it is rather formal.

This formality is in part caused by the Czech language, which has two forms of the second-person personal pronoun.

The "familiar" form is used to address a member of the family, a good friend of long standing, or a child or by a child addressing another child.

The "polite" form is used in more formal situations. It is not uncommon for colleagues of similar age in neighboring offices to use the formal form when talking with each other.

The tendency toward formal behavior is strengthened by the tradition of using titles. The use of someone's first name is limited to older family members addressing younger ones and to very good friends.

It usually takes daily contact over a number of years before people are on a first-name basis. Much less informal contact reinforces the social distance between people.

Because Czech apartments are small, invitations to visit and casual dropping by occur only among good friends. Czechs stand at arm's length from each other unless they are conveying information that should not be overheard.

Like other Europeans, Czechs do not show as much consideration as one finds in Britain or in smaller cities in the United States when several people are boarding a streetcar, bus, or train or waiting to be served in a store.

Their tendency to get ahead of others may reflect the experience of the socialist years, when people had to stand in lines for scarce goods.

Because there are no significant differences in social equality by virtue of position or ethnic background with the exception of the Romany [Gypsies], who are disapproved of for allegedly committing petty thefts , the rules of etiquette are alike for all members of the society.

Because Czechs emphasize cleanliness, most remove their shoes when entering private homes. They eat in the Continental style, with the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right, and there is no special attempt to converse at meals.

When attending cultural events, Czechs dress for the occasion, and young women try to follow the latest styles. Younger people tend to be more informal and self-confident than their elders.

Religious Beliefs. Christianity was brought to the area of the Czech Republic during the ninth century by missionaries from Germany to the west the Latin rite and the Byzantine Empire to the southeast the Eastern rite.

The missionaries of the Eastern rite were the brothers Constantine later renamed Cyril and Methodius, natives of Thessalonica in Macedonia.

They arrived in , invited by Rostislav or Rastislav , ruler of the Great Moravian Empire, and devised the first Slavic writing system, in which they published parts of the Bible in a Slavic language that was intelligible to the local population.

The arrival of the Magyars in the middle Danube area near the end of the ninth century and their subsequent raids to the north led to the disintegration of the Great Moravian Empire and weakened the influence of the Eastern rite.

By People walking through the public square in Prague, Czech Republic. A breach with Rome took place during the first half of the fifteenth century as a consequence of the reform movement begun by Jan Hus.

After Hus was burned at the stake in Constance in , his legacy became a lasting aspect of the national heritage. It was reinforced in the middle of the sixteenth century by the attempts of Ferdinand I, the Holy Roman emperor and Bohemian king, to bring the population back under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.

After the army of the Bohemian estates was defeated by Ferdinand II in the Battle of White Mountain in , Catholicism and Hapsburg rule tended to be equated as symbols of foreign oppression.

Precise numbers of the members of various denominations are not available; approximate percentages are Roman Catholics, 40 percent; Protestants, 4 to 5 percent; Orthodox, 1 percent; and uncommitted, atheists, and agnostics, 54 percent.

Many Czech Catholics tend to be lukewarm in their faith. Moravian Catholics are more committed.

Religious sentiments have always been more strongly felt and expressed in rural areas. Since the end of World War I, strong secularist tendencies have been evident.

The forty-one years of communist rule to further undermined religious practices and expression: Those who regularly attended religious services were discriminated against in terms of professional advancement.

After , a resurgence of religious beliefs and observances became noticeable, especially among young people. Except for those who married non-Jews and the relatively few who were able to emigrate, most Jews—about 80,—died in Nazi concentration camps.

After the war, only a very few of those who escaped the Holocaust returned. Religious Practitioners. The archbishop of the Prague archdiocese is the only Czech cardinal.

In addition, there are six dioceses headed by bishops: four in Bohemia and two in Moravia. The Protestant churches in Czech usually referred to by a term translated as "Evangelical" are small, less hierarchical, and diversified.

Rituals and Holy Places. Catholic churches or chapels are found in even the smallest communities. Other denominations and religious organizations have church buildings only in areas where a congregation is large enough to support them.

Smaller groups gather for worship in private homes or hold meetings in rented quarters. There were several places of pilgrimage—all Catholic—where the devout used to travel every year to attend a mass commemorating the local saint.

Most of those sites were of only regional significance, but a few were known throughout the country. Many of these yearly ceremonies have turned into events resembling country fairs and are attended by thousands of people.

Death and the Afterlife. Serious church members, whether Catholic or Protestant, believe in an afterlife. Even lukewarm Catholics frequently arrange for a dying family member to receive the last rites before death.

In the past, the dead usually were buried in a casket and their graves were provided with elaborate headstones. Over the last fifty years, cremation has become the accepted practice, but in rural Moravia, burying in the ground still predominates.

The extensive use of medicinal plants was replaced during the first half of the twentieth century by the use of synthetic drugs.

Many of these drugs are produced by a well-developed domestic pharmaceutical industry. Czech medicine has always followed the course of Western medicine and kept up with modern advances.

Karlsbad was well known by the end of the eighteenth century; members of the European aristocracy often visited it to regain or improve their health.

Health insurance was widely available before World War II. Under communism, free health care was provided to all citizens, but its quality varied.

Most Czechs would agree that the system was abused. Medical waiting rooms were crowded not only with people who had good reason to be there but also with those who wanted to leave their places of employment to take care of private matters such as standing in line for items in short supply.

Free health care continues to be available, but the system is monitored more closely. To avoid long waits, patients who have the financial means often see private physicians.

In general, health services in the Czech Republic are much better than the world average: the number of persons per physician is one of the lowest in the world, and the number of hospital beds per capita is among the highest.

Equally impressive is the infant mortality rate of 6 per 1, live births. Life expectancy at birth is The major causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system and cancer.

Holidays include New Year's Day; Easter Monday; Labor Day 1 May ; 8 May, which commemorates the day in that saw the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany and the German signing of an unconditional surrender to the Allies; 5 July, which celebrates the arrival in of the Slavic missionaries Constantine and Methodius; 6 July, in memory of the burning at the stake of Jan Hus in ; 28 September, Czech Statehood Day; 28 October, which marks the founding of Czechoslovakia in ; 17 November, Day of the Struggle for Freedom and Democracy; and Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and the following day December 24— Although state television and radio present special commemorative programs on many of these holidays, most Czechs spend their days off with the family, visiting relatives, and attending sports events, theaters, and concerts.

Those who live in Prague spend their holidays in country cottages working in the garden and enjoying the outdoors. Support for the Arts. Under the communist regime, prominent writers, painters, and sculptors as well as museums, theaters, art galleries, and major orchestras were supported by the state.

This generous support of theaters and orchestras meant that tickets to artistic events, from play readings to costly productions such as operas in Prague's National Theater, were affordable by all.

Those in the arts who received state money had to conform to political and ideological dictates, or at least make certain that they did not offend the Soviet Union, those in power in their own country, and the Communist Party.

Since the velvet revolution of , artists have enjoyed freedom of expression and most support themselves.

However, prestigious artistic institutions and ensembles such as the National Theater, the National Gallery, and the Czech Philharmonic continue to receive state support.

The first literary language in the area of the present-day Czech Republic was Old Church Slavic, which was used by the missionaries Constantine and Methodius.

Although Latin predominated from the eleventh through the fourteenth centuries, Czech began to be used during the thirteenth century, and during the fourteenth was employed in a great variety of genres: legends, tracts, dramatic compositions, satires, and fables.

Modern Czech literature began to develop during the nineteenth century. The author depicted rural life during the first half of the nineteenth century, including the folk customs that took place in the different seasons.

By , more than editions of this work had appeared. His literary production includes plays, children's books, informal essays about his travels in Europe, utopian novels, and novels in which he explores the nature and foundations of knowledge.

In general, Czech lyric poetry has surpassed in quality both prose and dramatic writing. The Czechs are enthusiastic readers and often read in trains and buses and on the Prague subway.

Translations of foreign books are readily available. Graphic Arts. Stone architecture in the Czech lands dates from the second half of the ninth century rotundas.

Prague has thousands of architectural and artistic monuments of every style, attesting to its long history the fortified settlement around which Prague developed was founded toward the end of the ninth century.

The palaces and mansions of Prague are small, but what they lack in size is compensated for by their intimacy and their setting in old Prague's narrow, curving streets.

Foreign visitors consider Prague one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Painting and sculpture have a long history, ranging from the works of Theodorik, court painter of Charles IV, to the newest postmodernist styles.

Mucha was one of the founders of modern poster art, and reproductions of his posters remain popular.

He was a pioneer of abstract art and is best known for nonfigurative representations. Performance Arts. In the Czech Republic, music is the most popular art, and Czech music is well known in the rest of the world.

Renaissance vocal polyphonic music was composed and performed during the sixteenth century, Italian operas were presented not only in Prague but in smaller towns in the eighteenth century, and at the time when the Baroque was giving way to classicism, numerous musicians from the Czech lands were active in many European countries.

Among Czech composers, four are heard in the concert halls and opera houses around the world. Every May since , music lovers from many countries come to Prague to attend the concerts, recitals, and other musical events offered every day.

Drama and ballet are well represented not only in Prague but also in several Bohemian and Moravian cities. There is a long tradition of puppetry, ranging from well-known nomadic puppeteers in the eighteenth century to a professional network of puppet theaters today.

Prague is also known for its Laterna magika Magic Lantern , founded in , a mixed-media spectacle that combines live performance with film, slides, and music.

Laterna magika was shown at world's fairs in Brussels in and Montreal in Czech filmmakers have had great successes, and several of their works have received Oscars, including Kolya in The physical sciences in the Czech Republic are of respectable quality, and research in some fields is well known abroad, for example, in polymer chemistry.

One of the craters on the moon bears his name. After the communist takeover in , he settled in the United States. During the communist regime, work in the social sciences was severely limited, especially in sociology and political science.

Since the application of Marxist-Leninist theory and practice was supposed to lead inevitably to the best possible society, what was there to study at home?

Also, research that showed injustice or other defects in Czechoslovak society would disagree with the official view. Several disciplines in the social sciences did manage to carry on but remained relatively unproductive—for example, ethnography.

Ethnographic research was done almost exclusively in Czechoslovakia and was concerned mainly with history and variations of regional subcultures. However, there were several outstanding scholars in Egyptology, Indology, and Celtic languages and cultures.

The highest scientific institution in Czechoslovakia was the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences with headquarters in Prague.

It consisted of over fifty institutes, most of them devoted to research in the empirical sciences. The scientific activities of the academy were guided by the state plan of basic research, itself part of a government-approved plan for the development of science and technology.

The activities of the various institutes were therefore tightly controlled. For example, sociology and philosophy were combined in the same academic institute, and the few sociological research projects that were undertaken had to conform to Marxist ideology.

The succeeding institution, the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, was established in Although the personnel of the institutes was reduced, as was their funding, politics was taken out of the sciences.

Research projects in the various institutes are limited by the scarcity of researchers and funds. However, scientists outside the institutes of the academy, for example university faculty, can apply for research funds to the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic.

Agnew, Hugh L. Origins of the Czech National Renascence , Demetz, Peter. Heymann, Frederick G. Holy, Ladislav. Horecky, Paul L.

Iggers, Wilma A. Kerner, Robert J. Czechoslovakia: Twenty Years of Independence , Korbel, Josef. Kovtun, George J. Leff, Carol Skalnik. Linehan, Edward J.

Nyrop, Richard F. Czechoslovakia: A Country Study , The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture , Salivarova, Zdena.

Summer in Prague. Salzmann, Zdenek. Sayer, Derek. Skilling, H. Gordon, ed. Czechoslovakia — Seventy Years from Independence , Thomson, S.

Czechoslovakia in European History , 2nd ed. Wheaton, Bernard, and Zdenek Kavan. The Velvet Revolution: Czechoslovakia, — , Wolchik, Sharon L.

Czechoslovakia in Transition: Politics, Economics and Society , Toggle navigation. Culture Name Czech. Orientation Identification.

Czech was one of the Slavic languages at least as early as the ninth century, the time of the Great Moravian Czech Republic.

History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space The Czech Republic is a fairly densely populated country, with about persons per square mile.

Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Political Life Government. Social Welfare and Change Programs Social programs cover old age, invalidism, death, sickness and maternity, work injury, unemployment, and allowances per child.

Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations There are few formal social clubs or organizations. Marriage, family, and Kinship Marriage. Socialization Infant Care.

Etiquette Social interaction is not much different from that in other central European countries; compared to that in the United States, it is rather formal.

Religion Religious Beliefs. Medicine and Health Care The extensive use of medicinal plants was replaced during the first half of the twentieth century by the use of synthetic drugs.

The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences The physical sciences in the Czech Republic are of respectable quality, and research in some fields is well known abroad, for example, in polymer chemistry.

Bibliography Agnew, Hugh L. Bradley, John F. Lidice: Sacrificial Village , Hermann, A. A History of the Czechs , George of Bohemia: King of Heretics , Morison, J.

Czech and Slovak Experience , Pounds, Norman J. Eastern Europe , chap. Czechoslovakia Past and Present , Sadler, John E. Comenius , Selver, Paul.

Masaryk: A Biography , Spinka, Matthew. John Hus: A Biography , Wallace, William V. Czechoslovakia , Wechsberg, Joseph.

Prague: the Mystical City , Also read article about Czech Republic from Wikipedia. User Contributions: 1.

I wanted to know how the czech culture views mental health issues. Thank you. Czech Republic is full of crazy and vey reckless car- and motorcycle-drivers Since the beginning of this year's summer-school-holidays in Czech Republic on 25 June 97 people died on the road.

In in the two-month summerholidays people died in traffic. When you consider what a small country the Czech Republic is, it is realy incredible. I wanted to know more about the Czechs and what they eat for cultural events..

Melanie: During Christmas we eat a carp and a soup from that, for some reason. It's horrible. I'm not aware we would celebrate Thanksgiving, that's US and Canadian thing.

Petra Cerny: Agreed. I guess that's why I'm driving a truck. Lisa: As everywhere, I assume. But we have mandatory basic health insurance.

I wanted to know more about the traditional foods, the celebrational foods, and meal customs. Thada be great!

The tradition food is mix of German, Poland, Slovakian, Austrian, hungarian dishes - all of them you can fine in our culture, some of them are originally Czech take up by these nations, some of them are not.

Also not all czechs eats carp and capr soup on Christmas day, in my family we have Leek soup and as a main dish is Pork schnitzel little bit similar to steak.

Hope there is also a Chech version" Thanks. I want you to know that this helped me!!. Thank- You so Much!! What if they have been migrating since their teen age?

Will they still tend to have similar kind of mentality? Thank you very much in advance for your answer Bill Hatfield. I just met some great folks from the Czech Republic, I want to travel there next May.

To Lily: if a person emigrates to another country at the age of 5 and they are 18, how do you think, what mentality do they have?

Virgene Franks. Good information. My grandfather was Bohemian, became a citizen of US and worked and brought his entire family and settled in Nebraska.

I had a German neighbor lady and a close friend that made the statement; "Those darn Bohemians", directed toward people that settled in their areas.

What is the cause for this discrimination? I have always felt very Americanized, didn't see any difference between my family and other people.

Is there some reason for these comments? I was pleased to be able to travel to Czech Republic and see the place my grandfather immigrated from; beautiful country.

Lidice touched my soul. Excellent article, thank you! What did czechs wear? Thanks in advance! Stephen Paha. Thank you very much for the information given.

Moreover,may i know the current GDP of the Czech republic and their traditional food as well as their export products. Hello Was trying information on my last names svoboda?

Looking for authentic family crest or coat of arms? We have a Czech last name and can't seem to find original family crest!

Thank you Josh. Debra Dvorak. Since the time I was old enough to understand, my father has called us "Bohemian".

I am also part German and German-Russian. I am yrs-old. Am I NOW supposed to go against everything I was brought up to believe of my nationality and call myself something else less "old-fashioned", or am I correct in still calling myself Bohemian?

I know I can do whatever I please but was just wondering if you had any thoughts on this. Another great article! I'm currently doing a project on the immigration of Czech peoples to the US, and this article has enhanced my knowledge about their culture, and has built a foundation for the development my project.

As part of my project, I must cook a traditional Czech food and share it with my class, and finding one seemed difficult. But I'm glad that I stumbled across this article, as it has given me some ideas.

Highly informative, yet not too heavy to digest, my son is half Czech and half Irish..! Incidentally i found an original Hapsburg jacket in a charity shop earlier on this yr, i bought it for a few uk pounds, and then much to my suprise i found out it was from the original authentic shop in Austria, and probably worth around uk pounds, then i lost it!!

However , that's by the by. Great article, thank you and peace and love to all!! Great article. I am Czech scholar and I have to say that this article is written very carefully and there are no mistakes.

To Debra Dvorak: Dear Debra, the term "bohemian" is not old-fashioned :- do not worry. We use these terms in every day czech language - e.

Bohemia is the western half of the Czech Republic. So if you like, you can say: "I am Czech". If you want to specify, where your dad was exately from, feel free to say: "I am Bohemian.

To josh svoboda: Hi Josh, your surname is the second most common surname in the czech republic - more than Svoboda means "freedom", so maybe these people were exempt from paying taxes in the middle ages To anyone who will help: this article has helped me learn some about Czech culture but.

I am interested in this because my dads side of the family is Czech and I grew up knowing this. I want to know if there is any way of telling where in the Czech republic my last name comes from?

My Bohemian school teacher, Pan Machek, told us a story about the srart of Bohemia. Thelma Harrold. I bought 4 dolls about 25 years ago and was told that they are the costumes of the different division of religion of Czechoslovokia-- they wore them when they attended church- funerals and such--could you tell me if this is true and more about it-thank you.

My grandfathers name was Joseph Pohorelec,who had 6 or 7 children 3 of which stayed in pohorelec and Helen, Mary and Paul who came to New York in about or so.

I have heard that there were wars of fire in the town of pohorelec near Prague. Does anyone know if this was named after a Pohorelec who might have been in the war and led a battle of victory in ancient times and then it received the name Pohorelec.

I believe my dad's people came here from Bohemia in the early s. They were the Zernicek's. Has anyone heard of this surname? My mom's family are the Cernys and am not sure where they originated from either.

Karen Zernicek-Morton. To me it sounds like a Southwestern German name, particularly from the Stuttgart area. The people down there - Swabians - tend to add a "-le" to every noun possible.

That your grandfather came from Prague in fits to this theory, since this is exactly the time when the people with German heritage were forced out of there.

Also one could fully understand if he would not be too much into moving back to Germany after the Nazi era.

I wanted to know the media theory of the country. I can't view it here. Dottie Tutt-Hutchinson.

I enjoyed reading about the country of my ancestors. Does anyone know anything about the name Gavornik?

Once was told it was Serbian-Croation for speaker, but my father insists his mom and dad came from near Prague in the 's when it was under the rule of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.

My grandmother was very Catholic. They settled in Jim Thorpe, Pa. Thanks for any info you can give me. I need to know abour Czech fashion of centuries.

Could someone help me? Joanie Holzer Schirm. Thank you for compiling such an excellent summary of many topics I try to understand for the books I'm writing about my Czech-Bohemian-American father.

This is very helpful. So if some czech say they are bohemian What would you call a czech that is from Ostrava Ivana Nechanicka-Webster. I was born in the CZ and emigrated at 15 in escaping the communist crush on non-communist believers.

The article is well written, just to add: the legend says that Father Czech was the one who led his people to the land of rolling fields, rivers and temperate weather.

It is after him the nation was named There is a statue commemorating this event in Prague; it is a legend well loved and revered. Bohemian stems from Boheme--a German, possibly Catholic reference to the lands that are Czech Republic sans the Moravian section.

That is how the country was referred to until relatively recent times. There was a period where only German was allowed to be spoken in the land; the tenacity of the nation clearly shows that even after year of German domination, the Czech language prevailed.

Sports play a part in the life of many Czechs, who are generally loyal supporters of their favorite teams or individuals.

The two leading sports in the Czech Republic are ice hockey and football. The many other sports with professional leagues and structures include basketball, volleyball, team handball , track and field athletics and floorball.

The country has won 14 gold medals in summer plus 49 as Czechoslovakia and five gold medals plus two as Czechoslovakia in winter Olympic history.

Czech hockey school has a good reputation. The Czech ice hockey team won the gold medal at the Winter Olympics and has won twelve gold medals at the World Championships including 6 as Czechoslovakia , including three straight from to The Czechoslovakia national football team was a consistent performer on the international scene, with eight appearances in the FIFA World Cup Finals, finishing in second place in and The team also won the European Football Championship in , came in third in and won the Olympic gold in After dissolution of Czechoslovakia, the Czech national football team finished in second and third place at the European Football Championship.

Czech Republic women's national basketball team won the EuroBasket Women. Czechoslovakia national basketball team won EuroBasket It will take place in Prague for the Group Phase matches.

Czech Republic hosted the EuroBasket Women recently. MTX automobile company was formerly engaged in the manufacture of racing and formula cars since Czech Republic MotoGP is the most famous motor race in the country.

Sport is a source of strong waves of patriotism, usually rising several days or weeks before an event. Czechs are also generally keen on engaging in sports activities themselves.

One of the most popular sports Czechs do is hiking, mainly in the mountains. The word for "tourist" in the Czech language, turista , also means "trekker" or "hiker".

For hikers, thanks to the more than year-old tradition, there is a Czech Hiking Markers System of trail blazing , that has been adopted by countries worldwide.

The most significant sports venues are Eden Arena e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Central Europe. For other uses, see Czechia disambiguation and Czech Republic disambiguation.

Greater coat of arms. The question is rhetorical , implying "those places where my homeland lies". Code 42 was shared with Slovakia until Main article: Name of the Czech Republic.

Historical affiliations. Main article: History of the Czech lands. Maximum Celtic expansion by the s BCE. Areas that remain Celtic-speaking today.

Main article: Bohemia. Main article: History of Czechoslovakia. Main articles: Velvet Revolution and Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

Main article: Geography of the Czech Republic. Berounka river valley in western Bohemia. Beskids mountains in eastern Moravia.

Humid continental climate. Oceanic climate. Subarctic climate. European eagle-owl , a protected predator. Fire salamander , a common amphibian in humid forests.

Red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris , a protected animal. Summer cep occurs in deciduous oak forests. Straka Academy , seat of the Government.

Thun Palace, seat of the Chamber of Deputies. Wallenstein Palace , seat of the Senate. Main article: Foreign relations of the Czech Republic.

Main article: Army of the Czech Republic. Main article: Economy of the Czech Republic. Main article: Energy in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Transport in the Czech Republic. Main article: Internet in the Czech Republic. This section does not cite any sources.

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You can help by converting this section , if appropriate. Editing help is available. January Main article: Tourism in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Demographics of the Czech Republic. Religion in the Czech Republic [6] Undeclared. Main article: Education in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Healthcare in the Czech Republic. Main article: Culture of the Czech Republic. Main article: Czech architecture.

Main article: Czech literature. Main articles: Music of the Czech Lands and Moravian traditional music. The National Theatre left and the Estates Theatre right.

Main article: Theatre of the Czech Republic. Main article: Cinema of the Czech Republic. Main article: Video gaming in the Czech Republic.

Main article: Czech cuisine. Czech Cuisine. A mug of Pilsner Urquell , the first pilsner type of pale lager beer, brewed since Baked duck with sauerkraut.

Easter bread baked during the celebrations of Easter. Main article: Sport in the Czech Republic. Czech Republic portal. Czech Republic — Official website.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 14 November Article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures the right of the national and ethnic minorities to education and communication with the authorities in their own language.

Act No. The Administrative Rule in its paragraph 16 4 Procedural Language ensures that a citizen of the Czech Republic who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on a long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, has the right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority.

If the administrative agency has no employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense.

According to Act No. Archived PDF from the original on 9 August Retrieved 2 September Archived from the original on 12 January Czech Statistical Office.

Archived from the original PDF on 21 February Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 29 May Retrieved on 19 December International Monetary Fund.

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